Farmer Scout Interest Badge
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Do one of the following sections, and produce proper accounts showing business methods.
- Keep at least six head of poultry for a minimum of 12 months and demonstrate that you have a practical knowledge of:
- The advantages and disadvantages of four popular breeds in relation to their value as egg producers or table birds.
- Handling birds and recognising those that are not healthy.
- Managing grass and earth runs.
- Discuss with the examiner the treatment of a broody hen and explain the running of an incubator.
- Demonstrate how to feed chicks and young birds and know the different methods of rearing them.
- Keep bees for at least 12 months. Demonstrate hive management and the handling of bees.
- Recognise the larva, good and foul broods, and sealed honey, and know at least one method of preventing a swarm.
- Be able to take a swarm and know the principles of artificial feeding.
- Recognise The Queen, workers and drones. Explain the life cycle.
- Produce a sample of honey from your own hive and discuss the importance of its production and the factors that affect it.
- Keep and care for pigeons for at least 12 months.
- Discuss with the examiner dieting and feeding. Explain the symptoms and treatment of the elementary pigeon diseases.
- Plan a method of training birds to return with messages from a distant point at least 150 kilometres away.
- Demonstrate the correct handling of birds, including attaching messages and rubber rings to birds' legs.
- Demonstrate a knowledge of colours and judgement of quality by handling and other means.
- DAIRY CATTLE
- Be able to milk.
- Explain the pasteurisation of milk and the care and cleanliness of dairy utensils and appliances.
- Test the milk of at least five cows (individually) for 10 days each in accordance with the requirements of the local health authorities.
- Demonstrate a knowledge of the common cattle diseases and their treatment.
- Explain the necessity of dipping.
- BEEF CATTLE AND GOATS
- Produce evidence that you have kept at least 3 beef-producing animals or goats for the last 12 months.
- Discuss with the examiner the nutritional requirements of beef cattle or goats.
- Discuss with the examiner three important diseases of cattle or goats and how they can be prevented.
- Explain the necessity for dipping.
- Discuss the conditions which will lead to condemnation of a carcass.
- Produce evidence that you have kept at least 3 sheep for the last 12 months.
- Discuss with the examiner three important diseases of sheep and how they can be prevented.
- Describe the grading system for wool.
- Describe the grading system for mutton and lamb.
- Discuss the effects of nutrition on wool or carcass quality.
- Draw up and present to the examiner a de-worming and vaccination programme for sheep.
- Recognise common crops in the field. Recognise weeds and common insect pests and explain how to eliminate them.
- Show a general knowledge of sowing and harvesting one crop of your own choice. Show an acquaintance with routine seasonal work on a farm.
- Explain the following:
- The ways in which soil is kept fertile and erosion prevented.
- The necessity for rotation of crops.
- The chief pests and diseases.
- Produce evidence that you have raised at least one summer and one winter crop.
Requirements in PDF