One of the most important life skills that a scout will learn is First Aid.
What is First Aid?
First Aid is the first help given to the victim of an accident. There are 3 aims:
- Stop life-threatening dangers
- Keep the victim safe from further harm
- Get proper medical help
Why should you know First Aid?
- A Scout on a camp falls against a rock. He shouts out for help. His head is bleeding and his arm is bent at a strange angle.
- Walking home from school, you hear a squeal of tyres and turn to see a car knock someone off her bicycle. She is lying still, unconscious, with blood spurting from her leg and she is not breathing.
- A child complains that he is sick. You see a box of rat poison spilt on the floor and you think he might have eaten some.
What do you do?
First Aid kit
Personal First Aid Kit
Here are the basics for your pack:
- 6x adhesive bandages/plasters
- 2x sterile gauze pads
- 1x small roll of adhesive tape
- Small bar of soap or travel-size bottle of hand sanitizer
- Small tube of antibiotic ointment
- Pair of scissors
- Pair of non-latex disposable gloves
- CPR breathing barrier
- Pencil and paper
For the Patrol
This first-aid kit should cover one patrol on a typical outing:
- 4x First Aid Dressing No. 3 (75 x 100mm)
- 4x First Aid Dressing No. 5 (155 x 200mm)
- 100ml Antiseptic solution
- 10x plaster strips / assorted adhesive bandages
- 1x Safety Pins (Set of 10)
- 4x Roller Bandages 75mm
- 4x Roller Bandages 100mm
- 1x Microporous Paper Tape 25mm
- 1x Elastic Adhesive Bandage 25mm
- 2x Sterile Gauze 100mm x 100mm (5/Pch)
- 1x Non-Sterile Gauze 50mm x 50mm (100/Pack)
- Water purification tablets
- 2x triangular bandages
- 2x 3-by-4-inch nonadherent sterile dressings
- Wooden or plastic splints
- Petroleum jelly
- Antibiotic ointment
- Insect repellent
- Safety pins
- Aloe vera gel for sunburn
- 2 pairs latex gloves
- CPR Mouth Pieces/Resus Aids
The scene of an accident can be scary. An injured person may be crying or screaming. The sight of blood might frighten you. Other people may be too stunned to help. The most important thing you can do is stay calm. Focus your attention on the job of making people safe. Act with confidence, using the first aid skills you know. Cheerfulness will help the victim and the people around you lose their fear.
Approach Carefully. Keep your own safety and the safety of other rescuers in mind. At the scene of a car accident, watch for cars on the road. In the outdoors, be aware of slippery footing, steep slopes, and other hazards.
Do First Things First
Here are five vital steps for treating accident victims. Perform them in the order they are given.
- Treat “hurry cases” immediately. A hurry case is any condition that threatens a victim’s life. The most serious are:
- stopped breathing
- no heart beat
- severe bleeding
- poisoning by mouth.
- Send someone to a phone to call for help. Give full information about your location and the extent of the injuries.
- Treat every accident victim for shock.
- Examine the victim for other injuries that may require first aid.
- Plan what to do next. If help is on the way, keep the victim comfortable and watch for any changes in his condition. Where there are no phones, decide on a clear course of action. A victim who can walk alone or with some help may be able to hike to a road. When injuries are serious, though, it is usually best to send two Scouts for help.
First Aid – Burns (PDF)
First degree (superficial), second third degree burns. Care and treatment. Thermal burns, chemical burns, electrical burns, sunburn, smoke inhalation and airway burns.
Scouts – First Aid – Heart Attack – Choking (PDF)
Two emergencies. Signs, treatment and Heimlich manoeuvre
Scouts – First Aid – Poisons (PDF)
Signs and symptoms. Types of poisons. What to do in case of poisoning. Prevention. Stings and bites. Rabies.
Cub Aptitude Challenge - First Aid
Starting with the basics like cuts and grazes, bleeding nose, minor burns, using a scarf as a triangular bandage, splinters, direct pressure, and calling the emergency services.