Pioneering

From SCOUTS South Africa Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

In the Scout Movement, pioneering is the art of using ropes and wooden spars joined by lashings and knots to create a structure. Pioneering can be used for constructing small items such as camp gadgets up to larger structures such as bridges and towers. These may be recreational, decorative, or functional.

Pioneering is used to teach practical skills, teamwork and problem solving. It is widely used in Scouting and Girl Guiding. Many Scout and Guide groups train their members in pioneering skills and construct projects, both small and large. In camp, Scouts may construct functional items like tables, camp dressers and gadgets, as well as decorative camp gateways. Pioneering is a common merit badge in many countries, and was required for the Eagle Scout rank in the 1920s and 1930s.

The name comes from the 18th and 19th century military engineers who went ahead of an army to "pioneer" a route, which could involve building bridges and towers with rope and timber (for example the Royal Pioneer Corps).

Pioneering skills include knot tying (tying ropes together), lashing (tying spars together with rope), whipping (binding the end of a rope with thin twine), splicing (joining or binding the end of a rope using its own fibres), and skills related to the use, care and storage of ropes, spars and related pioneering equipment.

Source: ((Scouting) - Wikipedia)

Animated Knots[edit]

AnimatedKnots.com is a great resource to learn how to do knots, lashings, splices and whippings.



Knots and ropes[edit]

The six basic knots and hitches for Scouts are: Reef knot, Sheepshank, Bowline, Clove hitch, Sheetbend, Round turn and two half-hitches.

Different types of rope (hawser-laid, shroud-laid and cable laid), and how to store and care for them.

Whipping[edit]

To prevent a rope from fraying, the ends must be whipped. These documents explain the Simple whipping, West Country whipping and Sailmaker’s whipping. thumb

Splicing[edit]

Splices are used to join any two parts of rope together permanently. This document explains the Back splice, Eye splice, Short splice and Docker splice.


Lashings[edit]

Scouts-Pioneering-Square-Diagonal-Lashing.png


Simple projects[edit]

Larger projects[edit]

For larger projects, you will often need to anchor your project, and use Block and Tackle to lift or maintain tension.

A diagram showing ways of rigging a block/tackle with their names.

Here are some large project ideas: